Boeing has delivered the last of 14 Chinook HC.6 heavy-lift helicopters to the RAF. The delivery coincides quite ceremoniously with the 35th anniversary of the introduction of the original Chinook HC.1 in to British service. The deal, worth £1bn, was awarded to Boeing in 2011 and includes fleet support for five years.
Broadly equivelent to the US Army’s CH-47F Chinook, the RAF’s Chinook HC.6 features a number of UK-specific upgrades designed to bring them up to a common standard with the HC.2/2A (to be redesignated HC.4 once all the upgrades have been completed) and HC.3 (HC.5) helicopters already in RAF service. These upgrades comprise the Project Julius enhancement to the cockpit and engines, the Project Baker enhancement to the defensive aids suite, and the Project Benic enhancement to the communications systems.
It has been a story worthy of a Monty Python sketch. At great expense the Royal Air Force managed to deploy three heavy-lift Chinook helicopters to India in order to conduct rescue operations in neighbouring Nepal which suffered two very powerful earthquakes in April and May 2015 resulting in the deaths of some 8,000 people with hundreds of thousands homeless.
Ready to come to the aid of Nepal the air and ground crews of the three heavylift helicopters found themselves actually forbidden from flying operations over the disaster zone. Left stranded in India the Ministry of Defence finally pulled the plug on the operation and on May 15th they began to be brought home without flying a single mission.
So just what caused the Nepalese to turn away British help? Here are some of the possible reasons;
The official Nepalese reason. The Chinook is a large and powerful aircraft. Its twin main rotors create a large downdraft and it was feared that this downdraft might cause further damage to the already weakened buildings thus endangering more lives. That’s what the Nepalese told the RAF and indeed the world’s press who took an almost bemused approach to the story. There is some truth to these fears and certainly had the aircraft undertaken missions in to Nepal then precautions would have to be taken but this doesn’t explain why the aircraft was refused to fly entirely. The Chinooks could have still moved large amounts of personnel and material around the country in support of the aid effort without coming in to close proximity to the danger zones where they could cause a problem. Interestingly the Nepalese government’s official reason later changed to [No.2].
Another more logical explanation could be that Nepal simply couldn’t handle any more aircraft in its airspace. In the days following the earthquake the international community flooded the tiny country with aircraft and humanitarian aid which actually caused the country’s main airport to shut down for several hours because it physically lacked the space on the tarmac to handle the military and civilian traffic. In an interview with Sky News after the decision to call the helicopters back to the UK was announced the Nepalese Prime Minister explained that this was the real reason the helicopters were refused permission to fly. It does still raise the question of why they didn’t fly any mission at all as surely some situation would have arisen where the Chinooks could have been of use especially as UN aid agencies repeatedly asked for more helicopters during the course of the whole affair.
The Chinese angle.
It has been reported in the west that China became quite anxious about the number of foreign military aircraft and troops operating in Nepal following the earthquake and put pressure on the little country to refuse certain countries from sending any more. Although not confirmed by Chinese or Nepalese sources the recent war of words between Beijing and Washington over Taiwan does support the idea that the Chinese were watching western military operations in Nepal very closely. India too has also been accused of not being happy with the number of foreign militaries in Nepal despite their humanitarian mission.
The prosecution of Lieutenant Colonel Kumar Lama. Some political observers have speculated that Nepal refused the British Chinooks in protest over the trial of Nepalese Army Lieutenant Colonel Kumar Lama at the Old Bailey in London which began in February of this year. Lieutenant Colonel Lama is accused of torturing two Maoist rebels in 2005; accusations he strongly denies. He was arrested in East Sussex in 2013 which soured UK-Nepalese relations as questions over whether Britain had the right to charge him for the crime or not were legitimate. With international law stating that any country can put someone on trial for torture it was decided by the Crown Prosecution Service to go ahead with the trial which is currently adjourned until August. The problem with this theory is that while the Chinooks were barred from flying RAF C-17 Globemaster IIIs and Hercules C.4 cargo aircraft repeatedly flew to the country bringing in supplies and repatriating westerners.
Whatever the real reason for the refusal to allow the Chinooks to fly one question remains above all others and that concerns whether or not the RAF, MoD or Foreign Office ever consulted the Nepalese government before deploying the aircraft in the first place? It is also curious that Britain was the only country who had assets deployed to the region that were refused to use them especially since Britain was one of, if not the, largest suppliers of aid with the UK sending around £65 million worth in the first month after the first earthquake.
Three RAF Chinook heavy lift helicopters sent to help with the earthquake relief effort in Nepal are stuck on the ground in Delhi having been prevented from entering the disaster struck country by the Nepalese government themselves. The Department for International Development (DfID) confirmed that the Chinooks had yet to join relief efforts in Nepal after Nepalese authorities expressed concern that the size of the aircraft would actually cause more damage to buildings whilst taking off and landing.
A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence revealed that there are is a contingent of between 30 and 40 crew and engineers waiting with the three Chinooks for authorization to commence operations. The fact that the helicopters have been transported in to the area and not been used has led to questions being raised over the cost of the operation and whether the deployment of the helicopters was discussed with the Nepalese government before they were flown out.
The RAF has been operational in Nepal since the first of two earthquakes struck the country on April 25th flying out large numbers of British, Canadian, American and European citizens. Since the second earthquake two days ago the US contingent has suffered the loss of one of its helicopters which was operating in an area of Nepal where the effects of the second earthquake were more severe. Nepal’s biggest airport was also forced to close for several hours because it was inundated with humanitarian aircraft and it simply couldn’t cope.
Up to three Royal Air Force Chinooks are being deployed to Nepal to assist in emergency efforts following the earthquake that struck the country which has left 14,000 people injured and countless homes destroyed. Two of the aircraft have already departed via a chartered Antonov An-124 cargo plane. A third example is set to depart in the next few days.
The aircraft are being deployed following an official request from the Nepalese government for more aircraft to assist in rescue efforts. Nepal’s geography means that helicopters are the fastest way to reach those cut off following the disaster who are in desperate need of medical and humanitarian aid. The capabilities offered by the Chinook will be a definite advantage.
The UK has already donated £2.5 million to the humanitarian effort.
A collection of stunning photographs of the recent air activity over South Wales as British forces exercise in the region. All photographs come courtesy of Patrick McMahon. To view a video of some of the activity click here to visit Defence of the Realm’s YouTube page.
Normally I have to travel miles and miles to see this kind of thing but today the skies above my own house were filled with aircraft participating in Exercise; Joint Warrior 2015. My sister and brother-in-law were staying with us for the first time since we moved in to our new house in Portskewett, Monmouthshire and they thought this was an everyday thing for us which made me laugh. For nearly two hours aircraft were flying overhead at around 15 minutes apart. I kept my camera on the shelf near the front door and as soon as I heard rotors in the sky I was rushing outside to film what was going over. Fortunately four Chinooks and two Apaches make a lot of noise so I had plenty of warning.
Unfortunately I make a better writer than I do a cameraman but I managed to get some great shots of the Chinooks and Apache helicopters so all was not lost.
I uploaded some of the best footage to Defence of the Realm’sYouTube page. I am the dreary voice that says “crossover” at the beginning which for some of you will be the first time you have heard me speak. It was an exciting morning for me but some of my neighbours weren’t as thrilled as the first Chinooks went over at around 0730hrs…On a Sunday morning no less.